References Related to Disinfection By-Products

Referred Publications

Journal Articles

Diehl, A. C., Speitel, G. E. Jr., Symons, J. M., Krasner, S. W., Hwang, C. J., and Barrett, S. E., "DBP Formation During Chloramination," Journal of the American Water Works Association, 92, (6), 76-90 (June, 2000).

 Speitel, G. E. Jr., Symons, J. M., Mialaret, J. M., and Wanielista, M. M. E., "AOP/Biofilm Processes for DOX Precursors,"  Journal of the American Water Works Association, 92, (10), 59-73 (October, 2000).

Symons, J. M. and Zheng, M. C-H, "Does the H2O2/Vis-UV Process Oxidize Bromide to Bromate," Journal of the American Water Works Association, 89, (6) 106-109 (June, 1997).

Symons, J. M. and Worley, K.L., "An Advanced Oxidation Process for DBP Control,"Journal of the American Water Works Association, 87, (11), 66- 75 (Nov., 1995).

Symons, J. M., and Xia, R., "Interference of Br-, BrO3 -, and ClO3 - in the DOX Determination," Journal of the American Water Works Association, 87, No. 8, 81-84 (August, 1995).

Craun, G. F., Bull, R. J., Clark, R. M, Doull, J., Grabow, W., Marsh, G.M., Okun, D.A., Regli, S., Sobsey, M.D., and Symons, J.M., "Balancing Chemical and Microbial Risks of Drinking Water Disinfection, Part II. Managing the Risks,"Journal of Water Research, Science, and Technology - Aqua, 43, 5, 207-218, 1994.

Craun, G. F., Bull, R. J., Clark, R. M, Doull, J., Grabow, W., Marsh, G.M., Okun, D.A., Regli, S., Sobsey, M.D., and Symons, J.M., "Balancing Chemical and Microbial Risks of Drinking Water Disinfection, Part I., Benefits and Potential Risks," Journal of Water Research, Science, and Technology - Aqua, 43, 4, 192-199, 1994.

Symons, J. M., Speitel, G.E., Jr., Diehl, A. C., and Sorensen, H.W., Jr., "Precursor Control in Waters Containing Bromide," Journal of the American Water Works Association, 86, 6, 48-60 ( June, 1994).

Speitel, G.E., Jr., Symons, J.M. , Diehl, A.C., Sorensen, H. W., and Cipparone, L.A., "Effect of Ozone Dosage and Subsequent Biodegradation of Removal of DBP Precursors," Journal of the American Water Works Association, 85, 5, 86-95 (May, 1993).

Symons, J.M., Krasner, S.W., Simms, L.A., and Sclimenti, M., "Measurement of THM and Precursor Concentrations Revisited: The Effect of Bromide Ion," Journal of the American Water Works Association. 85, 1, 51-62 (January, 1993).

Kim, Philip H-S., and Symons, J.M., "Using Anion Exchange Resins to Remove THM Precursors," Journal of the American Water Works Association, 83, 12, 61-68 (December, 1991).

Fu, P. L-K, and Symons, J.M., "Removal of Natural Organic Matter Using Anion Exchange Resins," Journal of the American Water Works Association, 82, 10, 70-77 (October, 1990).

Reckhow, D.A., Hull, C., Lehan, E, Symons, J.M., Kim, H-S, Chang, Y-M, Simms, L. and Dressman, R.C., "The Determination of Total Organic Halide in Water: An Comparative Study of Two Instruments," International Journal of Environmental Chemistry, 38, 1-7 (1990).

Symons, J.M., Fu, P.L.K., Dressman, R.C., and Stevens, A.A., "The Influence of Bromide Ion on Organic Chlorine and Organic Bromine Formation During Free Chlorination," Journal of the American Water Works Association, 79, (9), 114-118 (Sept., 1987).

Clark, R.M., Symons, J.M., and Ireland, J.C., "Evaluating Field Scale GAC Systems for Drinking Water," Journal of the Environmental Engineering Division, ASCE, 112, SA-4, 744-755 (Aug. 1986).

Symons, J.M., "Granular Activated Carbon for Drinking Water Treatment-A Historical Review of the Attempted Federal Regulation," Journal of the American Water Works Association, 76, No. 8, 34-43 (Aug., 1984).

Stevens, A.A. and Symons, J.M., "Measurement of Trihalomethane and Precursor Concentration Changes," Journal of the American Water Works Association, 69, 10 546-554 (October, 1977).

Larson, C.D., Love, O.T., Jr., and Symons, J.M., "Recent Developments in Chlorination Practice," Journal of the New England Water Works Association, 91, 3, 260-271 (September, 1977).

Symons, J.M. Bellar, T.A., Carswell, J.K., DeMarco, J., Kropp, K.L., Robeck, G.G., Seegar, D.R., Slocum, C.J., Smith, B.L., and Stevens, A.A., "National Organics Reconnaissance Survey for Halogenated Organics in Drinking Water," Journal of the American Water Works Association, 67, 11- Part 1, 634-647 (November, 1975), Update, 67, 12, 708-709 (December, 1975).

Conference Proceedings and Transactions

Fu, P. K-L and Symons, J.M., "Mechanistic Interactions of Aquatic Substances on Anion Exchange Resins," Advances in Chemistry Series No. 219, Influences of Aquatic Humic Substances on Fate and Treatment of Pollutants, American Chemical Society, pp. 796 - 811 (Jan., 1989)

Non-referred Conference, Journal, and Abstract Publications

Symons, J. M., "The Early History of Disinfection By-Products: A Personal Chronicle," Environmental Engineer, 37, Part I (1) 20-26 (Jan., 2001), Part II (2) 7-15 (Apr., 2001).

Speitel, G. E. Jr, Symons, J. M., Davis, J. M and Wanielista, M. M., "Destruction of TOC and Disinfection By-Product Precursors through Advanced Oxidation and Biodegradation", In: 1998 Annual Conference Proceedings- Water Research, Vol. C.  A.W.W.A., Dallas, Texas, June 21-25, 1998, pp 405-422.

Symons, J. M., Speitel, G. E. Jr., Hwang, C. J., Krasner, S. W., Barrett, S. E., Diehl, A. C., Xia, R., "Factors Affecting Disinfection By-Product Formation During Chloramination," DBP Chemistry: A Seminar Designed for Water Quality Engineers and Chemists, Sunday Seminar, Water Quality Technology Conference Proceedings CD-ROM, November 17-21, 1996, American Water Works Association.

Krasner, S. W., Symons, J.M., Speitel, G.E. Jr., Diehl, A. C., Hwang, C. J., Xia, R., and Barrett, S.E., "Effects of Water Quality Parameters on DBP Formation During Chloramination," In: 1996 Annual Conference Proceedings--Water Quality, (D), American Water Works Association, Toronto, Ontario June 23-27, 1996, pp. 601 - 628.

Symons, J. M., Xia, R., Speitel, G. E. Jr., Diehl, A. C., Hwang, C. J., Barrett, S.E., Krasner, S. W., "Disinfection By-Product Formation During Pilot-Scale Chloramination of Three Different Surface Waters," In: 1996 Annual Conference Proceedings--Water Quality, (D), American Water Works Association, Toronto, Ontario June 23-27, 1996, pp. 651 - 680.

Kirkpatrick, C.C., Symons, J. M., and Roberts, D. J., "Disinfection and Precursor Destruction using the H2O2/Vis-UV Process - Two Treatments in One for Small Systems," In: Proceedings, 1995 Water Quality Technology Conference, American Water Works Association, Denver, Colorado, New Orleans, Louisiana, (November 12-16, 1995) pp. 1967-1984.

Diehl, A. C., Speitel, G.E. Jr., Symons, J.M., Krasner, S. W., and Hwang, C.J., "Factors Affecting Disinfection By-Product Formation During Chloramination," In: 1995 Annual Conference Proceedings--Water Quality, American Water Works Association, Anaheim, Calif., June 18-22, 1995, pp. 535-546.

Symons, J. M., Roberts, D.J., Worley, K.L, and Kirkpatrick, C.C., "Evaluation of the H2O2/Vis-UV Advanced Oxidation Process for Controlling DBP Precursors and Providing Disinfection for Small Systems," In: 1994 Annual Conference Proceedings--Water Quality, American Water Works Association, New York, N.Y., June 19-23, 1994, pp. 907-927.

Symons, J. M., Speitel, G.E. Jr., Diehl, A.C., and Sorensen, H.W., "Behavior of Bromine-Substituted THMs and HAAs During Ozonation and Biodegradation, " In: 1993 Annual Conference Proceedings--Water Quality, American Water Works Association, San Antonio, Texas, June 6-10, 1993, pp. 775-808.

Krasner, S.W., Sclimenti, M.J., Means, E.G., Symons, J.M., and Simms, L., "The Impact of Chlorine Dose, Residual Chlorine, Bromide, and Organic Carbon on Trihalomethane Speciation," In" Proceedings, 1992 Water Quality Technology Conference, American Water Works Association, Denver, Colorado, Toronto, Canada, (November 15-19, 1992) pp. 1745-1759.

Symons, J.M., Fu, P., L-K, and Kim, P., H-S, "Use of Anion Exchange Resin to Remove THM Precursors," In: 43rd Annual Transactions Environmental Engineering Conference, Lawrence, Kansas (February 10, 1993).

Speitel, G.E., Jr., Symons, J.M., Diehl, A.C., Sorensen, H.W., and Cipparone, L.A., "Effect of Ozone Dose and Subsequent Biodegradation on Removal of Disinfection By-Product Precursors," In: 1992 Annual Conference Proceedings, American Water Works Association, Vancouver, British Columbia June 18-22, 1992, pp. 543-551.

Kim, H-S, and Symons, J.M., "Use of Anion Exchange Resins for the Removal of Trihalomethane Precursors," In: 1990 Annual Conference Proceedings, American Water Works Association, Cincinnati, Ohio, June 17-21, 1990, 1513-1536.

Kim, H-S, and Symons, J.M., "The Removal of Various Aquatic Humic Substances by Anion Exchange Resins," In: 1989 Annual Conference Proceedings, American Water Works Association, Los Angeles, Calif. , June 18-22, 1989, pp. 1627-1642.

Fu, P.L.K., and Symons, J.M., "Removal of Aquatic Organics by Anion Exchange Resins," In: 1988 Annual Conference Proceedings, American Water Works Association, Orlando, Florida, June 19-23, 1988, pp. 597-628.

Symons, J.M.; Stevens, A.A.; Clark, R.M.; Geldreich, E.E.; Love, O.T., Jr.; and DeMarco, J., "Removing Trihalomethanes from Drinking Water - -; An Overview of Treatment Techniques," Water/Engineering & Management, 128, 7, 50 53, 56, 61 64 (July, 1981).

Dressman, R.C.; McFarren, E.F.; and Symons, J.M., "An Evaluation of the Determination of Total Organic Chlorine (TOCl) in Water by Adsorption onto Ground Granular Activated Carbon, Pyrohydrolysis and Chloride Ion Measurement," In: Proceedings Fifth AWWA Water Quality Technology Conference, Paper 3A-5, Kansas City, Missouri, December 5-6, 1977, American Water Works Association, Denver, Colorado (1978).

Stevens, A.A. and Symons, J.M., "Analytical Considerations for Halogenated Organic Removal Studies," In: Proceedings Second AWWA Water Quality Technology Conference, Paper No. XXVI, Dallas, Texas, December 2-3, 1974, The American Water Works Association, Denver, Colorado (1975).

Stevens, A.A. and Symons, J.M., "Measurement of Organics in Drinking Water," In: Proceedings First AWWA Water Quality Technology Conference, pp. XXIII-1-XXIII-25, Cincinnati, Ohio, December 3-4, 1973, The American Water Works Association, Denver, Colorado (1974).

Carswell, J.K., Buelow, R.W. and Symons, J.M., "Removing Organic Matter from Drinking Water--Monitoring Treatment Processes," News of Environmental Research in Cincinnati, December 7, 1973, 4 pp.

Invited Papers and Presentations

Symons, J. M., "1974 Revisited-An Historical Review of the Disinfection By-Products Issue", The 1997 Lecture in the Tsuan Hara Feng Distinguished Lecture Series In Environmental Engineering, University of Massachusetts at Amherst, Oct. 9, 1997

Symons, J. M., "Effect of Chloramination on DBP Formation", Virginia Section AWWA, Williamsburg, VA, Sept. 15, 1997.

Symons, J. M., "Advanced Oxidation Processing for Controlling Natural Organic Matter in Drinking Water", southeast Texas Chapter of the Texas Section of the AWWA, Jan. 30, 1997.

Symons, J. M., "Drinking Water Treatment and Disinfection By-Products: Where We Are Today and Where We Are Going", The University of Texas at Austin, Feb. 19, 1997.

Symons, J. M., Speitel, G. E. Jr., Hwang, C. J., Krasner, S. W., Barrett, S. E., Diehl, A. C., Xia, R., "Factors Affecting Disinfection By-Product Formation During Chloramination," DBP Chemistry: A Seminar Designed for Water Quality Engineers and Chemists, Sunday Seminar, Water Quality Technology Conference, American Water Works Association, Boston, Mass., November 17, 1996.

Symons, J. M., and Zheng, M.C.H., "Behavior of Natural Organic Matter During Hydroxyl Radical Oxidation", Natural Organic Matter Workshop-Influence of Natural Organic Matter Characteristics on Drinking Water Treatment and Quality, Poitiers, France, Sept. 18-19, 1996.

Symons, J. M., "Disinfection By-Products - History, Production, and Control," U. S. Environmental Protection Agency's 2nd National Drinking Water Treatment Technology Transfer Workshop, August 12-14, 1996.

Symons, J. M., "1974 Revisited - An Historical Review of the Disinfection By-Products Issue," Gloyna Breakfast, Texas Water '96 Conference, April 17, 1996.

Symons, J.M., Xia, R., Diehl. A. C., Speitel, G. E. Jr., Hwang, C.J., and Krasner, S. W., "The Influence of Operational Variables of the Formation of Dissolved Organic Halogen During Chlorination," American Chemical Society, August 24, 1995.

Symons, J. M., Viewpoint, "Water Treatment - The Next Generation," Journal of the American Water Works Association, 87, No. 8, 8, (August, 1995).

Symons, J.M., "Factors Affecting DBP Formation During Chloramination," In: Today's Challenges, Tomorrow's Solutions, American Water Works Association Research Foundation, May 2, 1995, Dallas, Texas

Symons, J. M., "Seems Like Déjà Vu," Drinking Water Research, American Water Works Association Research Foundation", June, 1994.

Symons, J.M., "Disinfection and Disinfection By-Products of Concern in Water Distribution System," Water Quality in Potable Water Distribution Systems, Texas Section, American Water Works Association, Dallas, Texas, September 20, 1993.

Symons, J.M., Krasner, S. W., Simms, L. A, and Sclimenti, M., "Measuring Trihalomethane Species and Trihalomethane Precursor Concentrations in the Presence of Bromide Ion," American Chemical Society Symposium on Disinfection By-Products in Water Treatment: The Chemistry of Their Formation and Control, American Chemical Society, August 24, 1993.

Symons, J.M., Fu, P. L-K, Kim, P. H-S, "Use of Anion Exchange Resins to Remove THM Precursors," 43rd Environmental Engineering Conference, Lawrence, Kansas, February 10, 1993.

Symons, J.M. "Disinfection and Disinfection By-Products Control," US Environmental Protection Agency Technology Transfer Workshop, Kansas City, Missouri, February 19, 1992.

Symons, J.M., "Disinfection and Disinfection By-Products - A Status Report," Texas Section, AWWA, Houston, Texas October 15, 1991.

Symons, J.M., "Anion Exchange Resins for Removing Natural Organic Matter for Native Waters," Gordon Research Conference, Ion Exchange Resins and Reactive Polymers, Newport Beach, Rhode Island, Aug. 19-23, 1991

Symons, J.M., "The Formation and Control of Organic Contaminants in Drinking Water," American Chemical Society, Boston, Mass., April 24, 1990.

Symons, J.M., "This Week's Citation Classic," Current Contents, Agriculture, Biology, and Environmental Sciences, 19, 33,(August 15, 1988).

Symons, J.M., "Utilization of Various Treatment Unit Processes and Treatment Modifications for Trihalomethane Control," Workshop-Control of Organic Chemical Contaminants in Drinking Water, 1978, 1979, US EPA.

Stevens, A.A. and Symons, J.M., "Formation and Measurement of Trihalomethanes in Drinking Water," Workshop - Control of Organic Chemical Contaminants in Drinking Water, 1978, 1979, USEPA.

Symons, J.M.; Love, O.T., Jr.; and Carswell, J.K., "Ozone/Chlorine Dioxide Oxidation Products of Organic Materials," In: Proceedings of International Ozone Institute Workshop, November 17-19, 1976, Cincinnati, Ohio, Rice, R.G. and Cotruvo, J.A., Eds., pp. 443-455 (1978).

Symons, J.M. and Stevens, A.A., "Physical-Chemical Pretreatment for the Removal of Precursors," In: Proceedings - Oxidation Techniques in Drinking Water Treatment, Karlsruhe, FRG, September 11-13, 1978, EPA-570/9-79-020, US EPA, Washington, D.C., pp. 196-213.

Symons, J.M., Carswell, J.K., Clark, R.M., Dorsey, P., Geldreich, E.E., Heffernan, W.P., Hoff, J.C., Love, O.T., Jr., McCabe, L.J., and Stevens, A.A., "Ozone, Chlorine Dioxide, and Chloramines as Alternatives to Chlorine for Disinfection of Drinking Water, State-of-the-Art," In: Proceedings of Second Conference on Water Chlorination: Environmental Impact and Health Effects, Gatlinburg, Tennessee, October 31-November 4, 1977, pp. 555-560 (1978). Ozone and Chlorine Dioxide Technology for Disinfection of Drinking Water, Katz, J., Ed., Noyes Data Corporation, Park Ridge, N.J. (1980), pp. 2-86.

Books and Book Chapters

Symons, J.M., "Disinfection By-Products: An Historical Perspective"  In: Formation and Control of Disinfection By-Products In Drinking Water, Singer, P.C. Ed., American Water Works Association, Denver, Colo. (1999), pp. 1-25.

Symons, J. M., Xia, R., Diehl, A. C., Speitel, G. E. Jr., Hwang, C. J., Krasner, S. W., and Barrett, S. E., "The Influence of Operational Variables on the Formation of Dissolved Organic Halogen During Chloramination," In: Water Disinfection and Natural Organic Matter--Characterization and Control, Eds. Minear , R.A., and Amy, G.L., ACS Symposium Series 649, American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C. (1996), pp. 78-104.

Symons, J. M., Krasner, S.W., Sclimenti, M. J., Simms, L. A., Sorensen, H. W., Jr., Speitel, G.E., Jr., and Diehl, A.C., "Influence of Bromide Ion on Trihalomethane and Haloacetic Acid Formation", In: Disinfection By-Products in Water Treatment: The Chemistry of Their Formation and Control, Eds. Minear , R.A., and Amy, G.L., CRC Press, Inc., 1996, pp. 91-130.

Symons, J. M., Fu, P, L-K, and Kim, P. H-S, "Sorption and Desorption Behavior of Natural Organic Matter onto Strong-Base Anion Exchangers," In: Ion Exchange Technology - Advanced in Pollution Control, Technomic Publishing Co., Chapter 4, 149 - 192, Technomic Publishing Co., Lancaster, Penna. (1995).

Stevens, A.A. and Symons, J.M. "Alternative Disinfection Processes," In: Organic Carcinogens in Drinking Water: Detection, Treatment and Risk Assessment, Ram, Calabrese and Christman, Eds. John Wiley & Sons (1986) Chapter 14, pp. 265-290.

Symons, J.M.; Stevens, A.A; Clark, R.M.; Geldreich, E.E.; Love, O.T., Jr.; and DeMarco, J., Treatment Techniques for Controlling Trihalomethanes in Drinking Water, EPA-600/2-81/156 (September, 1981), 289 pp. Committee on Pollution Control, Tokyo, Japan (Dec., 1984) in Japanese.

 

Reviewed Final Project Reports

Speitel, G.E. Jr, Symons, J.M., Wanielista, M.M., and Davis, J.M.,"Advanced Oxidation/Biodegradation Processes for the Destruction of  TOC and Disinfection By-Product Precursers".  American Water Works Research Foundation, Report No. 30697, 1999, 139 pp.

Symons, J. M., Speitel, G.E. Jr., Hwang, C.J., Krasner, S.W., Barrett, S.E., Diehl, A. C., and Xia, R. "Factors Affecting Disinfection By-Product Formation During Chloramination," American Water Works Association Research Foundation, Report No. 90728, 1998, 330 pp.

Symons, J.M. and Fu, P.L.K., "Treatment of Drinking Water by Bromide Addition and Powdered Activated Carbon Adsorption," Final Report Cooperative Agreement CR-811659-01-0, 64 pp, EPA/600/2-86/032, USEPA, Cincinnati, Ohio, (December, 1985) UHCE 86-3.

Other Final Project Reports

Symons, J.M., "The Removal of Aquatic Humus from Drinking Water with Macroporous Anion Exchange Resins," USEPA Research Grant R-812155-02-0, (May, 1990).

Symons, J.M., "Oxidation of Natural Organic Contaminants in Drinking Water Using H2O2 and Visible -UV Irradiation," USEPA Research Grant R-817787-01-0, (August, 1996).

Symons, J.M., "Interim Treatment Guide for Controlling Organic Contaminants in Drinking Water Using Granular Activated Carbon," USEPA, Cincinnati, Ohio, 55 pp. + 3 Appendices (January, 1978).

Symons, J.M., "Interim Treatment Guide for Control of Chloroform and Other Trihalomethanes," USEPA, Cincinnati, Ohio, 48 pp. + Appendices (June, 1976).

"Preliminary Assessment of Suspected Carcinogens in Drinking Water-Report to Congress," U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C. (December, 1976).

Love, O.T., Jr.; Carswell, J.K.; Stevens, A.A.; Sorg, T.J.; Logsdon, G.S.; and Symons, J.M., "Preliminary Results of Pilot Plants to Remove Water Contaminants," Appendix VI, Dr. Preliminary Assessment of Suspended Carcinogens in Drinking Water - Interim Report to Congress - USEPA Report, Washington, D.C. (June, 1975).

 

Back to Symons Home Page